April 5, 2023

Markets Today – The Shock of the Lightning JOLT

A softer than expected JOLT report shook the market overnight, triggering a bull steeping in the UST. The USD fell with JPY along with European currencies outperforming. Commodity linked currencies lagged the move with AUD the notable underperformer, following yesterday’s RBA decision to pause it tightening cycle. US equities ended a four day rally with pro-cyclical sectors underperforming.

Todays podcast

  • JOLT report provides a shock to the system, surprising with weaker US labour demand
  • The front end of the curve leads a decline in UST yields. 2y down 12bps to 3.844%
  • The USD weaker against majors, but commodity linked FX lags
  • AUD underperforms after RBA pauses in April
  • US equities end four day winning streak. Pro cyclical sectors underperform
  • Finland officially joins NATO, triggering furious response from the Kremlin
  • Coming up: RBNZ, RBA Lowe, US: ADP, trade Balance and ISM Services

Events Round-Up

NZ: NZIER Business Opinion Survey
AU: RBA cash rate target (%), Apr: 3.6 vs. 3.6 exp.
US: JOLTS job openings (m), Feb: 9.9 vs. 10.5 exp.

I feel love in the shock of the lightning… – Oasis

A softer than expected JOLT report provided a shock to the market overnight, triggering a bull steeping in the UST curve with the front end of the curve leading a decline in yields. The USD also fell in index terms with JPY along with European currencies outperforming. Commodity linked currencies lagged the move with AUD the notable underperformer, following yesterday’s RBA decision to pause it tightening cycle. US equities have ended a four day rally with pro-cyclical sectors underperforming on the day. Finland officially joins NATO, triggering furious response from the Kremlin.

The number of US job openings in February fell by 632K to 9.9 million, the lowest level since May 2021 and well below market expectations for a smaller decline of about 300k relative to the unrevised January number. Of note too, the job openings to unemployed ratio, one of Fed Chair Powell’s favourite indicators, also fell to 1.67, the lowest since November 2021. The quits rate (voluntary job leavers as a ratio of employment) edged up to 2.6%, albeit still down from its peak of 3.0%.

The decline in Job openings confirms the softening in US labour demand evident in the Indeed job postings data. The February JOLT figures also confirm US labour demand is trending down with the NFIB survey suggesting further declines should be expected over coming months.

The data triggered a big decline in UST yields with front end rates leading a bull steeping of the curve. The 2y rate declined 12bps on the day to 3.84% while the 10y rate fell about 7bps to 3.33%. Pricing for the next Fed meeting in May edged down to a near 50/50 bet on a 25bps hike. Focus will turn to Friday’s key employment report, where the consensus to picking a further moderation in non-farm payrolls growth to 240k. Tonight the ISM services is also going to be important with any signs of weakness particularly in terms of prices paid, employment and new orders sub-indices likely to favour an extension of the recent decline in UST yields.

The USD also fell in index terms (BBDXY -0.24%, DXY -0.51%) after the JOLT report with JPY and European currencies the outperformers. The pound climbed to a 10-month high (1.2525), up 0.7% on the day and now trades just above the 1.25 mark while the Swiss franc climbed to the strongest since August 2021, up 0.72% over the past 24 hours.  The euro also joined the party, gaining 0.53% and opens the new day at 1.0953. The decline in UST yields also favour JPY with USD/JPY down 0.54% to ¥131.71.

Commodity linked currencies lagged the move reflecting their pro-growth sensitives, something that was also evident within commodities with Gold the notable outperformer (+2% to $ 2,020.43) while metals and bulk commodities retreated, Aluminium -1.13% iron ore -1.73%. The AUD was the notable commodity link FX underperformer, down 0.63% relative to levels this time yesterday. The AUD now trades at 0.6752, but of note it has retained about half of the previous day’s gains , relative to the monthly low recorded on March 10 (0.6565), the AUD is still in an uptrend with a break above the 0.6780/90 area the near term challenge if this uptrend can head above the 68c mark. The RBA decision to pause its tightening cycle in April did not help the aussie, the move was broadly in line with expectation but there was a notable tone down in the hawkish guidance by the Bank with prior phrasing of further tightening will be required replaced with further tightening may well be needed. This suggests that the RBA has probably downgraded its forecasts for growth and/or inflation from the February Statement on Monetary Policy when a cash rate of 3.75% was seen as being required to achieve the return of inflation to 3% by mid-2025. Governor Lowe speaks today, just after midday Sydney time with the market hoping he will expand on the Bank’s rationale to pause alongside an update on the economic outlook and policy bias (see more below).

Looking at other commodity linked pairs, NZD has been relatively flat, hovering around 0.63, within an approximate 0.6275-0.6315 range, NOK is down 0.12% while CAD extended it recent gains, up 0.22%.

US equities have closed the day lower with the S&P500 down 0.58% while the NASDAQ is 0.52%. Looking at the S&P 500 sectors, pro-cyclical shares are the notable underperformers with industrials down over 2% while Energy, materials and financials fell between 1% and 1.5%. Earlier in the session, European equities closed mixed with gains and losses between -0.5% and +0.25%.

In other news, Finland officially joined NATO on Tuesday. The WSJ noted Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu told a military conference in Moscow that the West was escalating its confrontation with Russia. He reminded participants that Belarus would soon have the ability to strike enemy targets with tactical nuclear weapons after Mr. Putin said last week that Moscow planned to base the Iskander-M missile system there. While Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov separately told reporters that Finland’s accession to NATO compelled Moscow to take unspecified countermeasures to ensure its security.

Coming Up

  • The RBNZ policy meeting outcome will be revealed at midday Sydney time today. Our BNZ colleagues think the RBNZ/MPC will largely hold to its February MPS line, by delivering a 25bp hike in the OCR and maintaining a hawkish tilt in its commentary and minutes. The OIS market is more than comfortably pricing this outcome (26.5bps priced), along with another 25bp hike fully priced by July, which would take the OCR to 5.25%.
  • RBA Governor Lower speaks before the National Press Club at 12:30 pm in Sydney. The Governor’s speech tittle is “Monetary Policy, Demand and Supply”, but of course after yesterday’s decision to hold the cash rate at 3.60%, the market will be interested in knowing to what extent the Bank has toned down its tightening bias. Does the Governor have more confidence inflationary pressures will be coming down faster than what the Bank thought back in February’s Statement on Monetary Policy?
  • Later today Germany gets factory orders and France releases industrial production figures ( both February). More relevant for markets, tonight the US publishes ADP (March, 210k exp.), February trade Balance (-$68.8bn exp vs _$68.3 prev.) and ISM Services (March 54.4 exp vs 55.1 prev.) . Details in the ISM survey are going to be just as important as the headline reading with special focus on the Prices Paid (prev. 65.6), Employment (prev. 54) and New Orders (prev.62.6) sub indices, all which printed solid readings in February
  • BOE’s Silvana Tenreyro speaks.

Market Prices


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