January 7, 2020

Markets Today: Breathe – 7 January 2020

Geopolitical tensions remain centre stage with markets clearly in wait-and-see mode.

  • Trump maintains hawkish Iran rhetoric, but no escalation with markets in wait and see mode
  • Global Services PMIs strong and still supportive of the global stabilisation thesis into 2020
  • GBP and EUR lead gains after strong PMIs; USD DXY falls -0.3% to 96.64
  • Equities up (S&P500 +0.2%), yields up (US 10s +1.6bps to 1.80%) and USD/Yen higher (+0.3%)
  • Cautious tone remains though with gold (+1.2% to $1,570) and oil up (Brent +0.3% to $68.78)
  • Coming up: AU Consumer Confidence, EZ CPI & Retail Sales, US ISM Non-manufacturing


The risk-off mood though did ebb slightly overnight with no new developments, while strong Services PMIs from the UK, EZ and the US serve as a reminder that the global economy appears to be stabilising as we start 2020. Reflecting some ebbing of the risk-off mood, USD/Yen rose (+0.3% to 108.44), while gold pared some of its gains to end +1.0% to 1,568.70. Equities are broadly steady with the S&P500 +0.2%, while yields are slightly higher with US 10yr +1.6bps to 1.80%. In FX, GBP lead gains (+0.6% to 1.3157) after a stronger than expected final-Services PMI. The USD fell with the DXY -0.3% to 96.69. The AUD underperformed, down 0.2% even with USD weakness.

First to the geopolitical tensions around Iran

Rhetoric unsurprisingly remains on the strong side, though with no new developments overnight. The latest threats include President Trump’s warning that he could target Iranian cultural sites, while Iranian leaders continue to threaten retaliation for Friday’s assassination of General Soleimani. One Iranian general noted “the minimum retribution for us is to remove America from the region”. We may not get further development on this until after today with mourning ceremonies only set to conclude with the burial of Soleimani’s remains on Tuesday. The potential for this to spiral into a cycle of retaliation remains and markets will likely remain cautious. In related news, AFP is reporting that the US army is preparing to “move out” of Iraq.

The global economy in contrast appears to be stabilising

Services PMIs were revised higher on the final read for December in the UK, EZ and the US. The UK Services PMI was revised to 50.0 from 49.1, EZ to 52.8 from 52.4 (with Germany importantly 52.9 from 52.0). The stronger than expected reads saw gains in both EUR and GBP, with GBP leading G10 FX gains to be up 0.6% to 1.3157. Anecdotes from the report emphasised stabilisation in the services sector for Europe, helped along by an increase in new business. Separately, Retail Sales for Germany were very strong in November, up 2.8% y/y against 1.0% expected.

The US Services PMI was also revised higher to 52.8 from 52.2, though was not as market moving and all eyes will be on the Non-manufacturing ISM later tonight. Aggregating the individual country PMIs, the JPMorgan Global Services PMI rose to 52.1 from 51.6 in November, with output, new orders and employment at five-month highs (see link for details).

In Australia

All talk is on the bushfire crisis. Yesterday PM Morrison committed an initial $2bn over 2 years to rebuild communities via a newly established National Bushfire Recovery Agency. Importantly, the government appears to be more willing to open the fiscal taps with PM Morrison stating “the surplus is of no focus to me. What matters to me is the human cost and meeting whatever cost we need to meet”.

The AUD underperformed, down 0.2% to 0.6937 with no single catalyst. Market pricing for a February rate cut has been creeping up, partly driven by geopolitical tensions as well as the potential for the bushfire crisis to have affected activity and is now around 55% priced by the market.

Coming up

Domestic focus will be on the normally second-tier ANZ/RoyMorgan Weekly Consumer Confidence Index to glean the extent to which the bushfire crisis may be weighing on consumers. Also out is ANZ Job Ads for December. Internationally, the focus will be on the EZ CPI and then to the US Non-manufacturing ISM.

  • AU: Weekly Consumer Confidence (9.30am AEDT): more focus than usual given the bushfire crisis and the potential this has to impact on consumer sentiment. No consensus is available and last week’s read was 108.0.
  • AU: ANZ Job Ads (11.30am AEDT):
  • JN: Jibun Services PMI (9.30am local, 11.30am AEDT):
  • EZ: CPI/Retail Sales (11.00am local, 9.00pm AEDT): consensus looks for Core CPI at 1.3% y/y for December.
  • US: ISM Non-manufacturing (10.00am local, 2.00am AEDT): consensus looks for a rise to 54.5 from 53.9.
  • US: Final-durable/capital orders (10.00am local, 2.00am AEDT):

Market prices

For further FX, Interest rate and Commodities information visit nab.com.au/nabfinancialmarkets

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