Markets Today: US China trade talks offer glimmer of hope

Markets turned on their head a little today, as the possibility emerges of trade talks between the US and China before the end of the month.

By

Today’s podcast

Overview: Come talk to me

  • The prospect of US-China trade talks helps risk sentiment
  • US leads the recovery in equities, boosted by solid earnings reports
  • USD is a touch lower and UST yields are little changed – disappointing US data ignored
  • Improved risk sentiment and stronger commodities help AUD and NZD outperform
  • Threat of more US sanctions stalls TRY recovery
  • RBA Lowe testimony the domestic focus today. Consumer sentiment out in the US tonight

Ah please talk to me, Won’t you please talk to me, We can unlock this misery – Peter Gabriel

News of US-China trade talks revival, albeit at low levels, boosted risk sentiment during our session yesterday and overnight the positive mood was further enhanced by solid US earnings reports. The US has led the gains in equities and the improvement in risk sentiment along with gains in commodities helped the AUD and NZD outperform with EM FX also mostly stronger against the USD. The Turkish lira recovery stalled overnight after the US threatened to impose more sanctions if Turkey continues to refuse the release of US Pastor Brunson.

China confirmed yesterday that Vice Commerce Minister Wang will lead a delegation to the US late in August in order to revive trade talks between the two countries. The initiative is reported to come from the US Treasury Undersecretary and would be ahead of the early September public consultation deadline on Trump’s plan for an additional $200bn of Chinese tariffs. The relatively low rank of the negotiators suggests the prospects of a quick resolution are low and accordingly markets’ reaction has been cautiously optimistic. Overnight, Trump’s economic advisor welcomed the news, but again reminded everyone that the president’s “toughness and willingness to continue this battle” shouldn’t be underestimated.

News of the meeting boosted risk assets during our session and at the same time a weaker than expected CNY fixing also helped EM FX performed. Then a volatile session ensued following reports that Chinese authorities were taking steps to lean against further currency weakness. The news of banks in the Shanghai Free Trade Zone being banned from lending money to offshore saw fears of a funding squeeze, USD/CNY fell around 0.75% from 6.9348 to 6.8853 yesterday while the offshore renminbi (CNH) experienced its largest one day rise in more than a year (over 1%), the rest of USD/Asia followed China’s lead throughout the day with the USD softer across the board.

Currencies

So against a backdrop of improved sentiment ,stronger EM FX and higher commodities NZD and AUD are the top G10 performer over the past 24hrs, gaining about 0.3% against the USD and currently trading at 0.6589 and 0.7261 respectively. The mixed AU employment report didn’t elicit a big AUD reaction, the decline in the unemployment rate by one tenth to 5.3% was enough to offset the disappointment in the employment growth of -3.9k (Mkt: +15k, NAB: +25k). Looking through recent volatility, employment growth remains strong at +27k (in trend terms), well above the ~17k needed to keep the unemployment rate steady (assuming unchanged participation).

Although it was a good night for the AUD and NZD boosted by risk sentiment, it is difficult to get too excited over the prospect for both antipodean currencies. AUD is still trading sub 73c and NZD sub 66c, as noted above the prospects for swift  US-China trade resolution remain low and the lack of any concrete development suggest caution is still required.

As a sign of cautiousness, USDJPY is still finding it difficult to trade above the ¥111 mark and despite the rebound in US equities, longer date UST yields are essentially unchanged to lower. Soft US data releases went unnoticed overnight (see more below).

After threating to break sib 1.13, the euro looks to have stabilised just under 1.14. The rebound in TRY probably helping the cause, but is probably worth highlighting that simmering in the background Italian deputy PMs increased the pressure on the EU over fiscal room for infrastructure spending following the Genoa bridge tragedy. Italy’s fiscal budget battle is a story for September and October and that uncertainty makes it difficult to get too excited on the prospect for the euro to trade back above 1.15 any time soon.

The USD indices are marginally weaker on the day, although both the Bloomberg dollar index and DXY remain close to their highest levels since mid-2017.  After lambasting the USD’s strength in recent times, Trump hinted at a more positive attitude to the currency over Twitter, saying “Money is pouring into our cherished DOLLAR like rarely before, companies’ earnings are higher than ever, inflation is low & business optimism is higher than it has ever been.”  A weaker than expected Philly Fed survey and slower housing starts data had little impact on the USD or US rates, which were slightly higher on the day (US 10 year Treasury +1bp to 2.87%).

Equities

US equities are the outperformers overnight with the Dow Jones adding just under 400 points and the S&P 500 gaining about 0.8% overnight.  Walmart jumped ~ 10% after posting the strongest sales in more than a decade prompting the company to raise its full-year outlook. The results boosted food retailers to their best gain since November. European equities also closed mostly higher, after a bad day in Asia mostly weighted down by technology shares.

Bonds

Rates are sideways to slightly lower – US 10s are around 2.87% and Aussie 10yr futures are at 97.44- 3bp off the year-to-date highs reached yesterday. The Aus-US 10y spread is a touch wider.

Commodities

Zinc (+4.0%) and Lead (5.86%) led the rebound in commodities with copper up 1.80% and aluminium (1.14%) also having a good night. Oil prices edged up just under 1%.

Economics

  • The Philadelphia Fed index fell sharply to just 11.9 from 25.7, well below the consensus, 22.0
  • July housing starts rose 0.9% to 1,168K, well below the consensus, 1,260K. But permits rose 1.5% to 1,311K, in line with expectations.
  • Norway held rates unchanged today as expected, setting up markets to expect its first tightening in seven years next month.

Coming up

  • RBA Governor Lowe and Assistant Governor (Economic) Luci Ellis are on speaking duties today, Europe (final) and Canada get their CPI reading for July and the University of Michigan Consumer Sentiment survey as well as the leading index are out in the US.
  • In last week’s speech, Governor Lowe revealed almost no material change to the Bank’s central scenario for the Australian economy, so we don’t expect any major surprises from his speech before the House of Representatives Standing Committee on Economics today ( what a mouthful!). That’s said given the potential for an extensive Q&A  session, the market will be on alert for any clues on the RBA current thinking and balance of risks to their outlook.
  • The US leading index and Consumer sentiment survey will be assessed for any signs of jitters from the ongoing US led trade tensions. Canada’s headline inflation is expected to print unchanged at 2.5%yoy and there is a potential for the core reading to edge up one tenth to 2%.

 Market prices

For further FX, Interest rate and Commodities information visit nab.com.au/nabfinancialmarkets